What To Look For In A Good PCB Design

Coming up with a functional prototype PCB assembly design can be a daunting task for Electrical Engineers. The aim for every designer out there is to ensure that he/she come up with something perfect. The whole process can be summarized to a single pick if some basic building ideas are considered. The article has prepared some of the top factors that you should consider for a perfect PCB design. The aim is to draft something good that will ensure a smooth production operation.

Factors to Consider for a Good PCB Design

Board Materials

This is a crucial building block when it comes to a PCB design prototype. Here you need to understand and master the right materials that you need in your PCB. A complete prototype comprises solid l and non-conductive material, which play a crucial role in the lamination of the same material with copper. Copper plating is used to provide a conductive service for electrons to flow from one point to the other. The base material contains a glass epoxy, with FR-4 because of their flame-resistant and affordability nature. For RF should include a high conductive circuit, ceramic and PTFE bases with different fillers.

PCB Stack-up

This is the number of layers each PCB will have; this helps the designers or electrical engineers to evaluate each segment differently. A proper estimation of count allows a designer to make a wise choice about the best fabrication process, yield stress, production cost, and reliability of the design. Because the aim is to reduce production costs and increase productivity and efficiency, this part is meant to help engineers make wise decisions basing their ideas on the reduction of cost and increasing efficiency.

Choosing Parts

This is an essential part when it comes to PCB design and assembly. Picking the right pieces will help to reduce errors and to maintain the quality of the overall design. Since we have a wide range of parts to choose from, consider the following key points when picking your design materials.

Availability of the Part

When you consider using something in your design, it is wise if you take your time and assess the availability of the part in local markets. Avoid at all cost parts not in your local market because if you do, then it will force you to import them, thus increasing your production cost. Your selection should work into your favor so that you reduce the required production cost while increasing the efficiency of the PCB design.

PCB Manufacturers Prototype Orders

Are you facing difficulty in making your PCB prototype? You should contact PCB manufacturers prototype makers. Get it made by a professional PCB manufacturer and assembling company. You will receive high quality PCB that will meet the highest industry standards. Submit the PCB design file to receive the quote. Make sure you have checked this file in the Gerber Viewer of the manufacturer at its website. It eliminates any chance of error caused by design program incompatibility issues. Read the FAQ section for guides, specifications, design considerations, tips and tricks.

One Stop Prototyping Service

It is a one stop solution for making PCB prototypes. You do not have to deal with any other company or professional once you hand over your prototype fabrication to this company. Your printed circuit board will be manufactured as per your specified design file and other requirements. Customized services like 3D printing, CNC milling, PCB layout and PCB designing services are available. The manufacturing and fabrication services are offered at very low cost. You will receive instant online quote. There are no hidden costs. The quote you receive is the final price you pay. Most prototypes are delivered within 24 hours turnaround time. You can even order PCB assembly with or without the components.

Order Higher Volume PCBs

Once you have received your prototype, you can place the order for small or medium volume PCB fabrication. The same manufacturer accepts both prototype and larger volume PCB assembling jobs. It ensures the same high quality is maintained in the production run PCBs as well. You do not have to submit a new design file or go through the whole process again. Just inform the manufacturer that you want to use the same prototype design file for your small volume PCB order.

The Prototype Order Process

It is easy to place your prototype order through the online system of PCB manufacturer’s website. First submit the design file for an audit and to receive an online quote. Now you are ready to place the order. Your order will be reviewed and the manufacturer’s representative will contact you if any issue is found in the design file. If the design file is cleared, you just select the shipping method and make the payment to start the fabrication process of your PCB prototype. You will receive the delivery tracking number to track your shipment.

It is this simple online process that has made PCB fabrication a quick and easy process. PCB manufacturers prototype solution providers can make all types of PCBs.

Why Use Turnkey PCB Assembly Services?

Turnkey PCB assembly services are available even for five pieces of PCBs. Your PCBs will be made by the leading PCB manufacturing company. It has a workforce of hundreds of trained and expert staff. Services of electronic engineers, PCB designers, and other specialists are available for making different types of PCBs. There are many benefits of ordering your PCB assembly through the turnkey route.

Short Lead Time

PCB assembly and production goes through three phases of production. First, it is the mainboards that are fabricated. In the next phase, components are procured. The third phase involves the final assembly of the PCBs. Once you have provided the PCB design file, the electronic engineers will check and verify it closely. If any issue is detected, they will come up with solutions to solve those problems. They will make any changes only after consulting you. If the design does not require any change and meets the production requirements, they will go ahead and start the PCB fabrication process. You will receive quick assembly quotations and smooth manufacturing services.

Low Cost

Turnkey solutions cost lower than other types of services. You will save on freight fees and other costs that are associated with general PCB manufacturing. The cost is reduced because you do not have to provide the manufactured boards and electronic components. Components are procured from reliable suppliers at wholesale rates. It brings down the total costs of PCB manufacturing. Due to long term contracts with parts manufacturers and distributors, the PCB manufacturer is able to offer lower quotes for PCB assembly services.

Complete Information Available to You

You will be kept in the loop during the whole PCB assembling process. From the time you submit the design file to the time you receive your PCBs, you will know exactly what is happening with your order. You can monitor all these manufacturing activities through an online system. Production information at each stage is updated on time. It allows you to plan your project launch in a better way. Your team can focus on other aspects of product launch and leave the PCB design, assembly and fabrication jobs to the PCB manufacturing company.

It is due to these advantages that turnkey PCB assembly services are preferred by companies of all sizes. Whether you are a startup or an established business, the turnkey solution is perfect for cost-effective and quick assembling of PCBs. You can order both prototypes and final PCBs. Take advantage of this economical and quick solution to get your PCBs made by the top PCB manufacturing company.

Why Use Professional PCB Design Services?

If you do not have an in-house team to design your PCBs, take the help of a professional PCB design team. Contact a company that will deliver top quality results. You will get services by the PCB designers who have qualifications, training, and experience to design all types of PCBs. By using professional PCB design services, you will avoid problems that can occur in a PCB if the initial design of the PCB is itself flawed. The problem may appear only after the product has been launched. Avoid such problems by outsourcing the designing of your PCBs to an experienced team.

A Senior Design Team

Your PCB will be designed by a team that works under the guidance of a senior PCB designer. These professionals have worked on a variety of electronic projects. They have knowledge of various technologies used to design the PCBs. This team has the capability to undertake projects from concept to complete PCB fabrication with components. If you need only the designing service, it will limit itself to the design process. The experienced team is ready to offer its designing services for both prototypes and final production PCBs.

Mechanical and Layout Designs

The PCB design team has capabilities to design your PCB using the schematic submitted by you. You can simply submit your board idea and receive a finished product. Layout preparation is the first step in PCB production. The design is prepared using the latest and advanced technologies. It will meet the highest standards related to the controlled impedance, high layer counts, power or digital boards, mixed technologies, high voltage design, micro BGA or BGA, and RoHS/ITAR compliant designs.

Designs on a Variety of Platforms

The professional PCB designers can design PCBs on various PCB layout designing platforms. From free to proprietary CAD programs, the team can handle projects in all popular CAD programs. It accepts special layout and design challenges. The design comes with support for the bill of materials, pick and place data, fabrication drawings, Gerber data, drill data, and assembly drawings.

Getting your PCBs designed professionally has become a simple one-step process. Visit the PCB design company’s website and submit your board information. Submit the schematic, idea or concept depending on the stage of the project. Your PCB will be designed within 2-3 days. The company also accepts others down the line processes including the production of prototypes and final boards. Use professional PCB design services to maintain the quality of your electronic product. Avoid delays, avoid faults and reduce the project costs.

PCB Layout Design Process

The proper PCB layout design is necessary to develop a reliable board. You have to pay attention to the details like copper traces, components, and holes. Use PCB designing software to achieve maximum efficiency. Using such a program is necessary to ensure the accuracy, reliability, and cost-effectiveness of the board. There are many things to consider when developing the layout of a printed circuit board.

Interference and Conflicts

PCB designers have to ensure there is no or minimum electromagnetic interference. Conflicts can arise not only due to components placed on the same side but also by those placed on the other side. These issues can delay the board development process. If the faulty board is passed through the quality checks and released, it can lead to problems in the product that will appear only when the product ends up in the market. Any product recall will prove highly expensive. Minor issues can include production delays and added costs in a redesign.

The First Step

The first step is to develop the concept of the product and then the concept of the board. What will be the functions of the PCB? What features does it require? How it will be connected to other parts and components? How the heat generated by different components will be dissipated? In what environments the board will be used? What level of quality is needed? Will it be used by the consumer, commercial, industrial or military users? These are some of the questions that must be answered at the initial stage when designing the PCB layout.

Schematic and Diagram

The circuit schematic is prepared based on the board concept. It is a diagram of electronic components. Data like names, values, ratings and part numbers of the components are provided to denote the components. Schematic is also used to prepare the bill of materials. A block diagram to describe the final PCB dimensions is prepared. All sections of the components are marked properly. The goal is to keep the traces short.

In the next step, the locations of the components are designed. This step can involve lots of iterations. It helps achieve maximum efficiency and avoid conflicts and interferences. The next step involves the first pass routing. It determines which route goes where and which one gets the priority in the circuit. Several tests are conducted to make sure it meets all PCB layout design requirements. If it passes those tests, the design is ready for use.

Guide To PCB Layout Services

When it comes to PCB Layout Services, the calculation of the physical addresses on the basis of logical addresses is independent and is performed usually by a memory management unit.

When register addressing, the address is already in a processor register and does not need to be loaded from memory. If register addressing implicitly so implicitly is defined for the opcode register (example: the opcode implicitly refers to the accumulator). With explicit register addressing the register number is entered in a register field of the machine instruction.

In one-step addressing modes, the effective address can be determined by a single address calculation. Therefore, it must not be accessed again to the memory over the address calculation. In immediate addressing, the instruction does not address, but contains the operand; usually applicable only for short operands such as ‘0 ‘, ‘1 ‘, ‘ AB ‘, etc. In direct addressing, the instruction contains the logical address, so it must be carry out no more address calculation.

In register – indirect addressing, the logical address is already included in an address register of the Central processing unit (CPU). The number of this address register is passed in the machine instruction based on PCB Layout Services.

In the indexed addressing, the address calculation is performed by means of addition: The contents of a register is added to the command. One of the two addresses does not typically include a base address, while the other contains an offset to this address. When the program counter uses relative addressing, the new address from the current program counter value and an offset is determined.

Two-stage addressing

In the two-stage addressing mode several calculation steps are necessary to obtain the effective address. In particular, in the course of the calculation, an additional memory access is necessary. As an example there is the indirect absolute addressing.

In this case, the command contains an absolute memory address. The memory word, which can be found at this address contains the required effective address. IT must therefore be used by the shared memory address in the memory to determine the effective address for the instruction execution. The features of the two-stage process.

The performance of a processor is largely determined by the number of transistors as well as by the word length and the processor clock. The word length determines how long can a machine word of the processor, ie, how many bits it can consist of a maximum. Relevant factors include the following values: Work or data register: The word length determines the maximum size of the processable integers and floating point numbers.

Data bus: The word length determines how many bits can be read from the main memory simultaneously.

Печатные платы

Вы наверняка задавались вопросом, где заказать печатную
плату, ведь изготовление печатных плат на заказ сегодня
пользуется большим спросом. Но перед тем, как совершить
покупку, стоит детально ознакомиться со всеми
особенностями и характеристиками этих изделий.

Заказать печатную плату можно в любое удобное время.

Изготовление печатных плат – это трассировка в
соответствии с техническим заданием клиента на
основании предоставляемой электросхемы.
Виды и степень сложности проектирования плат могут быть

Изготовление печатных плат – цена

Цена рассчитывается индивидуально, при этом учитывается
вид реализованных рабочих процессов и их объем.
Чем более детально техзадание, тем скорее будет
выполнена сборка печатных плат.

Немаловажный фактор, который оказывает разительное
влияние на длительность рабочего процесса – то, насколько
быстро клиент отвечает на вопросы, возникающие при

Монтаж печатных плат – Москва

Обращаем внимание москвичей и жителей других крупных
городов на возможность изготовление печатных плат под
заказ. В комплект доставки завод печатных плат

предоставляет плату и схему, их изображение pdf-формата,
Gerber-файлы для разработки и прочее.

Материалы для ПП

В качестве материалов изделий выступают покрытые
фольгой спрессованные армированные слои. Связующий
наполнитель наполняет межслоевое пространство.

  • FR-1/FR-2

Разрабатываются на электроизоляционной целлюлозной
бумаге. Связующим материалом является устойчивый к
возгоранию фенолоальдегид. Температурный режим
стеклования не регламентирован. Такие материалы
эксплуатируются с целью производства 1-сторонних плат.
Зачастую характеризуются коричневым цветовым оттенком.
Неоспоримое преимущество FR-1/FR-2 – небольшая

  • FR-3

Производится по тому же принципу, что и FR-1/FR-2. Но
связующий наполнитель – огнеустойчивый
модифицированный эпоксид. Материал характеризуется
светло-желтым оттенком.

  • FR-4

В данном случае элемент для армирования – это
стеклоткань. Связующая эпоксидная смола устойчива к
нагреву и огню. Температурный режим стеклования
варьируется в пределах от 110 до 190 градусов. При таком
разбросе температур важно с максимальной
ответственностью отнестись к подбору этого материала.

  • FR-5

Напоминает вышеупомянутый материал, но отличается
температурным режимом стеклования – от 15 до 200

  • СЕМ-1

Производится на основе целлюлозной бумаги (по центру) и
стеклотканевыми слоями (с наружной стороны). В качестве
связующего элемента используется огнеупорный эпоксид.
Зачастую имеет бело-молочный оттенок. Отверстия не
металлизируются, в связи с этим этот материал можно
эксплуатировать исключительно для ОПП.
Как видите, монтаж печатных плат можно осуществить
оперативно и выгодно.
Завод печатных плат выполнит все на высшем уровне.

Counter Measures For Spy Camera Threats

Having someone spy you on can arouse feelings of insecurity and fear. You never know their intentions or even who they will reveal the information they get to. Most probably, the devices they will use will include spy surveillance cameras planted in your home, office, car and anywhere else you frequent. How do you detect such spy equipment? How do you tell that a camera or a microphone is installed in your car or office? Well, while uncovering spy equipment is not easy, a few tips will help you along the way, including but not limited to:

Listen to your Instincts

In most cases, your instincts will be aroused when something is wrong. Listen to them. You may not be able to tell exactly what is out of place. Nevertheless, by knowing that something is wrong, you can begin searching your surroundings for it. It may be something as insignificant as shifting of a flower vase or the smallest piece of furniture. If you did not do it, then someone else did and for a certain intention. Check them out to ascertain to ascertain if everything is okay.

Use Detecting Devices

Spy cameras are designed in such a way that it is hard to see them. If you are convinced of their presence even after your physical inspection bears no fruits, do not fret. There are technologies meant for counter-surveillance purposes such as the Radio Frequency (RF) readers which detect emissions of radio frequency. The closer you get to the device emitting the RF, the louder the sound from the detector gets. They also brighten the reflection on camera lenses, making it easier for you to see them.

Step up your Checks

Devices such as scanners used to brighten camera lenses reflection costs as low as 15 dollars. If you need to advance your inspection, however, your type of equipment will range from 100 to 300 dollars. Keep in mind that you can still go for visible light and IR emitters that will pick out the glinting of camera lenses. There also apps that will help you in scanning for the lenses of spy cameras.

Final Remarks

There are laws requiring disclosure of information regarding any hidden cameras. This means that anyone spying on you is breaking privacy laws in the first place. Some people, however, will stop at nothing to get what they want from you. Fortunately you can stop them by putting into use the provided tips. Remember, knowing the type of spy surveillance cameras in the market may also help you determine the kind of approach you should take in detecting them.

Why Switch To Electronic Cigarettes

Over the past decade, electronic cigarettes seem have shot to the public consciousness like a rocket out of nowhere. It began as a relatively simple device out of China that used heat to vaporize liquid and mimic the experience of smoking tobacco. People quickly caught on and soon it was being exported to different parts of the globe. Devoted fans have multiplied exponentially with the scale helping to create an exciting new industry. The products today have improved tremendously compared to the initial offerings. They are more stylish and have better performance. They also provide a number of benefits to their users including:


Smoking tobacco has been proven time and again to be detrimental to our health. There is simply no debate about it. These products contain hundreds of carcinogens and other harmful substances. Inhaling smoke increases our risk of developing respiratory ailments, cancer, and other health issues. E-cigs cannot claim to be risk-free but they have far fewer carcinogens according to studies. Those who have made the switch report improved lung function and greater well-being. Millions want to quit but can’t because of the draw of nicotine but ecigs help them overcome this obstacle. They can use e-liquids with nicotine content and lower their dependence in a gradual manner.


Cigarette smoking is banned in public in many places around the world. This can be rather inconvenient if you are craving for a puff. Some people take an ecig with them for this type of situation as there’s not much regulation yet when it comes to this device. They can calm their nerves and reduce their stress while vaping. It is also a bit more respectful to the people around you as they won’t have to inhale dangerous tobacco smoke. Vapor tends to have a more pleasant smell as well. However, some might still be unhappy having to deal with this in public spaces so do be considerate of others.


Another great thing about e-cigs is that you can try a wide variety of flavors. It’s no longer limited between regular and mint. You can try fruity flavors such as apple, mango, banana, kiwi, melon, and whatever else you fancy. There’s also vanilla, chocolate, coffee, mocha, caramel, and a whole lot more. Pick a different bottle of e-liquid every month to keep things exciting. Try various brands to see which ones you like the most. You can even change your hardware from time to time. The technology keeps improving and it’s nice to stay ahead of the curve with the latest mods from the best electronic cigarettes manufacturers.

How To Extend Your Vape Battery Life

Although modern vaping batteries are much better than their older counterparts, they could quickly die if not maintained properly. And while these items aren’t exactly pricey, having to replace your batteries regularly could be significantly expensive in the long run. Fortunately, there are several things you could do to ensure you get the most life out of your Samsung vape battery.

Use the Battery Regularly

Similar to how exercise is crucial in staying fit, vaping batteries also benefit from regular use. Using your battery frequently makes it easier for power to flow through its cells, which in turn enhances life span and efficiency. But you don’t have to use your e-cigarette every day. Instead, avoid leaving the battery unused for long periods of time.

Proper Handling and Storage

At times, people don’t think about how they may be damaging their batteries. Although e-cigarettes can take quite the beating, you still need to watch how you handle and store the devices. Carrying your vape battery in your pocket could cause significant damage. If dust and debris particles find their way through the battery’s small openings, they could affect the flow of air through the unit or even damage the switch.

Ideally, the batteries should be carried in a compact case that prevents exposure to sunlight, water and dust. You should also protect your battery from drops and other kinds of physical impact. In addition, never leave your battery in the car, especially on hot days. The extreme heat could shorten its lifespan or even cause severe damage.

Avoid Draining Your Battery Fully

The average e-cigarette starter kit comes with about 2 batteries to allow users switch between them whenever necessary. What most people don’t know is that one should never exhaust their batteries before recharging them. When a battery is fully drained, it’s forced to work twice as hard when recharging, which definitely reduces its life. Ideally, you should recharge your batteries when half of the stored energy has been drained, or when you start noticing a loss in power.

Keep Your Batteries Clean

With time, your batteries will start to accumulate dust and moisture. It’s important to clean them regularly in order to clear the air holes. Use a cotton swab or alcohol pad to wipe down the batteries as well as the contacts where they hook with the cartomizer.

Battery life is a crucial element in the overall performance of e-cigarettes. Most batteries are good for about 300 charging cycles, after which they need to be replaced with new ones. To ensure yours remains in perfect condition for longer, follow these simple maintenance tips.